All Issue

2018 Vol.51, Issue 4 Preview Page
November 2018. pp. 564-575
Abstract

In Korea, a soil survey was conducted at a scale of 1: 5,000, and classification was performed based on USDA's Soil Taxonomy. Now the computerized soil map is in use. DSM work has been performed based on the soil map. Even so far, we have been building DBs in various ways and trying DSM continuously. Since 2002, data can be found on the Internet through the Korean soil information system (heugtoram) and it is also available on mobile system. Based on the 1: 5,000 scale, various detailed thematic maps are produced. The useful information has been provided to farmers, policy makers, and researchers. The basic data of the soil was used around 1970. In 2014, we tried to compare it with the newly upgraded data. R program was used to generalize the texture data (sand, silt & clay content) of soil depth. Conversion of vector data (polygon, shp file) of soil map into raster data (30 m) was performed. Soil texture data for depth were generalized to 0-5, 5-15, 15-30, 30-60, 60-100, 100-200 cm for sand, silt and clay contents and tried to compare the difference of the results. The number of polygons was the same in both sand, silt and clay contents. The total number of polygons was 1,381,126 and the number of polygons contained in the soil series was 1,308,700. As the depth increased, soils with rocks or shallow soils were not shown. Mean, standard deviation and mean deviation were analyzed for comparisons of DSM. The standard deviations were very variable and difficult to compare. The results were different from those obtained when the mean deviation was used. To compare the differences between the two maps, by converting the state in which a negative number exists to an absolute value, the average deviation to be performed is more uniform.

Comparison between standard and mean deviation of sand content.

Depth(cm) Map 1 Map 2 Map2 - Map1 SD MD SD MD SD MD Sand 0-5 23.85 19.88 22.96 18.94 13.02 9.29 5-15 23.61 19.85 22.89 18.98 12.36 8.87 15-30 24.43 20.31 23.40 19.45 12.40 8.94 30-60 26.07 21.61 25.04 20.80 12.13 8.79 60-100 27.77 23.53 27.28 23.05 13.72 9.60 100-200 28.61 24.59 28.51 24.43 11.99 6.94 Silt 0-5 17.39 14.29 16.67 13.58 10.96 7.93 5-15 17.15 14.07 16.47 13.44 10.64 7.72 15-30 17.53 14.57 16.63 13.66 11.07 7.99 30-60 18.06 14.80 17.52 14.47 11.11 8.03 60-100 18.94 15.83 18.39 15.29 11.93 8.12 100-200 19.37 16.50 19.46 16.52 10.81 5.84 Clay 0-5 9.79 7.86 8.90 7.16 7.46 5.58 5-15 9.89 7.79 9.08 7.30 6.98 5.12 15-30 11.42 8.76 10.38 8.16 7.48 5.31 30-60 12.98 10.17 12.15 9.71 7.29 5.02 60-100 13.82 10.91 13.20 10.97 7.85 5.37 100-200 14.39 11.39 13.13 10.93 6.94 3.91

* Map 1: 1999 data of soil texture.

** Map 2: 2014 data of soil texture.

References
  1. Hong, S.Y., Y.H. Kim, K.H. Han, B.K. Hyun, Y.S. Zhang, K.C. Song, B. Minasny, and A.B. McBratney. 2012. Digital Soil mapping of soil properties for Korean soils. Taylor & Fransis Group, London, ISBN 978-0-415-62155-7.10.1201/b12728-85
  2. Hong, S.Y., Y.S. Zhang, Y.H. Kim, K.H. Jung, Y.J. Lee, E.Y. Choi, S.K. Ha, Y.K. Sonn, B.K. Hyun, M.S. Kim, S.O. Hur, K.C. Song, G.B. Jung, G.Y. Kim, and K.Y. Jung. 2008. Development of soil information system and its application in Korea. Food & Fert. Tech. C. Extension Bulletin 612.
  3. Jung, Y.T. 1996. Application of soil taxonomy: Advantage and disadvantage of American soil taxonomy. Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 29(2):207-210.
  4. McBratney, A.B., M.L.M. Santos, and B. Minasny. 2003. On digital soil mapping. Geoderma. 117:3-52.10.1016/S0016-7061(03)00223-4
  5. Minasny, B. and A.B. McBratney. 2010. Methodologies for global soil mapping, chapter 34. In: Digital soil mapping: bridging research, environmental application, and operation. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 429-425.10.1007/978-90-481-8863-5_34
  6. USDA. 2017. Soil Survey Manual. Soil Science Division Staff. Agriculture Handbook No. 18.
Information
  • Publisher :Korean Society of Soil Science and Fertilizer
  • Publisher(Ko) :한국토양비료학회
  • Journal Title :Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
  • Journal Title(Ko) :한국토양비료학회 학회지
  • Volume : 51
  • No :4
  • Pages :564-575
  • Received Date :2018. 10. 08
  • Accepted Date : 2018. 11. 19