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2018 Vol.51, Issue 4 Preview Page
November 2018. pp. 596-607
Abstract

Composting of food waste might be effective way for food waste disposal which could be applied to improve soil properties in agricultural field. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of food waste on two crops (Chinese cabbage, Tomato) compared to livestock manure. Seven different treatments (one livestock manure, two food wastes, one livestock manure + chemical fertilizer, two food waste + chemical fertilizer, and control) were applied to two crops . Treatment of livestock + chemical fertilizer and microorganism treated food waste +chemical fertilizer showed statistically significant differences on leaf width and root length of Chinese cabbage compared to other treatments. They showed highest values for these parameters. Value of four parameters (shoot length, total length, fresh weight and chlorophyll content) were highest with treatment of livestock + chemical fertilizer and microorganism treated food waste + chemical fertilizer for tomato growth.

Chinese cabbage growth and Tomato with different treatments of compost.

Chinese cabbage Dry weight Chlorophyll Tomato Dry weight Chlorophyll g O.D.(SPAD) g O.D.(SPAD) Control 9.6±1.82d† 22.0±0.82e Control 14.8±1.15b 39.6±5.01b LC‡ 13.4±1.19c 31.0±0.31d LC 20.0±2.32a 48.2±2.22a LC+NPK 15.0±0.88bc 36.9±0.94ab LC+NPK 18.4±3.06a 49.5±1.39a FWC 14.6±0.39bc 33.5±0.66ac FWC 19.6±0.59a 40.4±0.46b FWC+NPK 17.9±0.57a 35.0±0.57bc FWC+NPK 18.6±0.34a 48.4±0.40a MFWC 16.1±0.38ab 36.5±2.13ab MFWC 19.9±0.58a 45.5±0.45a MFWC+NPK 16.1±0.60ab 38.1±0.24a MFWC+NPK 19.1±0.80a 49.5±0.17a

†The different letters are significantly (P<0.05) different according to Duncan's multiple test. ‡LC, Livestock compost; FWC, Food waste compost; MFWC; Microorganisms food waste compost

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Information
  • Publisher :Korean Society of Soil Science and Fertilizer
  • Publisher(Ko) :한국토양비료학회
  • Journal Title :Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
  • Journal Title(Ko) :한국토양비료학회 학회지
  • Volume : 51
  • No :4
  • Pages :596-607
  • Received Date :2018. 10. 17
  • Accepted Date : 2018. 11. 28