All Issue

2018 Vol.51, Issue 4 Preview Page
November 2018. pp. 677-685

Soil value was estimated 26 trillion Korean won and recent climate change due to global warming is highly affecting soil erosion. Especially, about 10% of surface soil was annually eroded because of massive construction in Korea. Main purpose of this research was i) to investigate occurrence, mechanism, affecting parameters of soil erosion especially focused on wind erosion and ii) to conduct wind tunnel experiment for evaluating feasibility of dry fog system in stabilizing wind erosion. Result of wind tunnel experiment showed that wind erosion could be reduced about 22-38% after applying dry fog system. Two parameters, soil particle size and spreaded water drop size, are main parameters to affect efficiency of wind erosion stabilization and smaller water drop size is more effective to prevent wind erosion than soil particle size. In terms of wind erosion management, evaluation of soil erosion should be conducted for environmental impact assessment (EIA) when land usage is changed or massive construction was conducted. Since there is no evaluation form of soil erosion in EIA, not only soil erosion but also wind erosion evaluation should be included in the EIA. In addition, transaction of soil and rock open portal recycle system (TOCYCLE) could be utilized to recycle surface soil and consequently, prevent wind erosion and conserve value of soil. Overall, dry fog system is an effective technique for wind erosion preventing system and it could be combined with natural and/or artificial soil conservation system to enhance wind erosion prevention. Furthermore, policy and management system for preventing soil erosion should be thoroughly reviewed to make better soil conservation.

Soil Reduction by Wind Speed and Distance.

  1. ASTM. 1985. Standard Test Method for Classification of Soils for Engineering Purposes. American Society for
  2. Korean Agency for Technology and Standards (KATS). 2006, Standard method of classification of soils for
  3. Casagrande, A. 1932. Research on the Atterberg Limits of Soils. Public Roads. 13(8):121-136.
  4. EU. 2013. Hard surfaces. Hidden costs.
  5. Francis Beaufort. Beaufort Wind Scale. U.K. Royal Navy (
  6. Korean Agency for Technology and Standards (KATS). 2012. Standard test method for particle size distribution of
  7. Korean Agency for Technology and Standards (KATS). 2015. Standard test method for liquid limit and plastic limit
  8. Korean Agency for Technology and Standards (KATS). 2015. Standard test method for water content of soils(KS F
  9. Korean Agency for Technology and Standards (KATS). 2016. Standard test method for density of soil particles(KS F
  10. MOE. 2013. Comprehensive Topsoil Conservation Plan ('13-'17). p.50-103.
  11. MOE. 2017. Regulations on the Preparation of Environmental Impact Assessment, Ministry of Environment Notice
  12. Oldeman, L.R., R.T.A. Hakkeling, W.G. Sombroek, 1991, World Map of the Status of Humaninduced Soil Degradation (GLASOD): An Explanatory Note. International Soil Reference and Information Centre. Wageningen.
  13. MOE. 2007. Standard Design Guidelines for Muddy Water Reduction Facility.
  14. MOE. 2010. Research on Value Evaluation and Examples for Soil and Groundwater.
  15. MOE. 2016. Guidelines for the Notification of Post-Environmental Impact Survey Results.
  16. MOE. 2001. A Study on the Conservation of Surface Soil and Erosion Control
  • Publisher :Korean Society of Soil Science and Fertilizer
  • Publisher(Ko) :한국토양비료학회
  • Journal Title :Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
  • Journal Title(Ko) :한국토양비료학회 학회지
  • Volume : 51
  • No :4
  • Pages :677-685
  • Received Date :2018. 11. 28
  • Accepted Date : 2018. 12. 05