All Issue

2018 Vol.51, Issue 4 Preview Page
November 2018. pp. 616-625

Advanced understanding of SOC still requires further studies on diverse soils including a wide spectrum of paddy soils and agricultural practices. The objectives of this study were to investigate the effects of long-term fertilization on both light fraction (LF) and heavy fraction (HF) of soil organic matter and the relationships among total C, C/N ratio, clay content, and fertilization type in paddy soils. Compost application led to a significant increase in HF and consequently in C and N contents. Compost plots had a higher C/N ratio compared to those of treatments without compost in HF as well as LF. Correlation of C/N ratio to LF and HF was clearly separated into two groups as a boundary of about 9.5 of C/N ratio. These results clearly show that balanced fertilization together with composting could lead to synergic effects on enhancing C sequestration as well as plant nutrition in plow layer of paddy soils in Korea.

Correlation between C/N ratios of LF and C/N ratio of HF with long-term treatment of different fertilizers.

  1. Chan, K.Y. 1997. Consequences of changes in particulate organic carbon in vertisols under pasture and cropping. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 61:1376-1382.10.2136/sssaj1997.03615995006100050013x
  2. Christensen, B.T. 1992. Physical fractionation of soil and organic matter in primary particle size and density separates. In Advances in Soil Science, vol. 20. Eds Stewart BA. pp. 1-89, Springer-Verlag, New York.10.1007/978-1-4612-2930-8_1
  3. Daquiado, A.R., T.Y. Kim, and Y.B. Lee. 2013. Microbial community structure of paddy soil under long-term fertilizer treatment using phospholipid fatty acid (PLFA) analysis. Koran J Soil Sci. Fert. 46:474-481.10.7745/KJSSF.2013.46.6.474
  4. Golchin, A., J.M. Oades, J.O. Skjemstad, and P. Clarke. 1994. Study of free and occluded particulate organic matter in soils by solid state 13C CP/MAS NMR spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. Aust. J. Soil Res. 32:285-309.10.1071/SR9940285
  5. Gong, W., X. Yan, J. Wang, J. Hu, and Y. Gong. 2009. Long-term manure and fertilizer effects on soil organic matter fractions and microbes under a wheat-maize cropping system in northern China. Geoderma. 149:318-324.10.1016/j.geoderma.2008.12.010
  6. Grüneberg, E., I. Schöning, D. Hessenmöller, E.-D. Schulze, and W.W. Weisser. 2013. Organic layer and clay content control soil organic carbon stock in density fraction of differently managed German beech forests. For. Ecol. Manage. 303:1-10.10.1016/j.foreco.2013.03.014
  7. Gulde, S., H. Chung, W. Amelung, C. Chang, and J. Six. 2008. Soil carbon saturation controls labile and stable carbon pool dynamics. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 72:605-612.10.2136/sssaj2007.0251
  8. Hassink, J. 1997. The capacity of soils to preserve organic C and N by their association with clay and silt particles. Plant Soil. 191:77-87.10.1023/A:1004213929699
  9. Heikamp, F., J. Raupp, and B. Ludwig. 2011. Effects of fertilizer type and rate on labile soil fractions of sandy Cambisol- long-term and short-term dynamics. J. Plant Nutr. Soil Sci. 174:121-127.10.1002/jpln.201000121
  10. Huang, S., X. Pan, J. Gua, C. Qian, and W. Zhang. 2014. Differences in soil organic carbon stocks and fraction distributions between rice paddies and upland cropping systems in China. J. Soils Sediments. 14:89-98.10.1007/s11368-013-0789-9
  11. IPCC. 2000. Land use, land-use change, and forestry. Intergovernmental panel on climate change. Cambridge University press. UK.
  12. Janssen, B.H. 1996. Nitrogen mineralization in relation to C:N ratio and decomposability of organic materials. Plant Soil. 181:39-45.10.1007/BF00011290
  13. Janzen, H.H., C.A. Campbell, S.A. Brandt, G.P. Lafond, and L. Townley-Smith. 1992. Light faction organic matter in soils from long-term crop rotation. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 56:1799-1806.10.2136/sssaj1992.03615995005600060025x
  14. John, B., T. Yamashita, B. Ludwig, and H. Flessa. 2005. Storage of organic carbon in aggregate and density fractions of silty soils under different types of land use. Geoderma. 128:63-79.10.1016/j.geoderma.2004.12.013
  15. Kölbl, A. and I. Kögel-Knabner. 2004. Content and composition of free and occluded particulate organic matter in a differently textured arable Cambisol as revealed by soild-state 13C NMR spectroscopy. J. Plant Nutr. Soil Sci. 167:45-5.10.1002/jpln.200321185
  16. Lee, C.H., C.Y. Park, K.D. Park, W.T. Jeon, and P.J. Kim. 2004. Long-term effects of fertilization on the forms and availability of soil phosphorus in rice paddy. Chemosphere. 56:299-304.10.1016/j.chemosphere.2004.02.02715172602
  17. Lee, C.H., K.Y. Jung, S.S. Kang, M.S. Kim, Y.H. Kim, and P.J. Kim. 2013. Effect of long term fertilization on soil carbon and nitrogen pools in paddy soil. Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 46:216-222.10.7745/KJSSF.2013.46.3.216
  18. McLauchlan, K.K. 2006. Effects of soil texture on soil carbon and nitrogen dynamics after cessation of agriculture. Geoderma. 136:289-299.10.1016/j.geoderma.2006.03.053
  19. McLauchlan, K.K. and S.E. Hobbie. 2004. Comparison of labile soil organic matter fractionation techniques. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 68:1616-1625.10.2136/sssaj2004.1616
  20. Mikah, M.M., G.W. Hergert, J.G. Benjamin, J.D. Jabro, and R.A. Nielsen. 2015. Long-term manure impacts on soil aggregates and aggregate-associated carbon and nitrogen. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 79:626-636.10.2136/sssaj2014.09.0348
  21. Moni, C., D. Derrien, P.-J. Hatton, B. Zeller, and M. Kleber. 2012. Density fractions versus size separates: does physical fractionation isolate functional soil compartment? Biogeosciences. 9:5181-5197.10.5194/bg-9-5181-2012
  22. Purakayastha, T.J., L. Rudrappa, D. Singh, A. Swarup, and S. Bhadraray. 2008. Long-term impact of fertilizers on soil organic carbon pools and sequestration rates in maize-wheat-cowpea cropping system. Geoderma. 144:370-378.10.1016/j.geoderma.2007.12.006
  23. Rudrappa, L., T.J. Purakayastha, D. Singh, and S. Bhadrary. 2006. Long-term manuring and fertilization effects on soil organic carbon pools in a Typic Haplustept semi-arid sub-tropical India. Soil Tillage Res. 88:180-192.10.1016/j.still.2005.05.008
  24. Six, J., R.T. Conant, E.A. Paul, and K. Paustian. 2002. Stabilization mechanisms of soil organic matter: Implications for C-saturation of soils. Plant Soil. 241:155-176.10.1023/A:1016125726789
  25. Sollins, P., C. Swanston, M. Kleber, T. Filley, M. Kramer, S. Crow, B.A. Caldwell, K. Lajtha, and R. Bowden. 2006. Organic C and N stabilization in a forest soil: Evidence from sequential density fraction. Soil Biol. Biochem. 38:3313-3324.10.1016/j.soilbio.2006.04.014
  26. Wagai, R., L.M. Mayer, and K. Kitaayama. 2009. Nature of the "occluded" low-density fraction in soil organic matter studies: A critical review. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr. 55:13-25.10.1111/j.1747-0765.2008.00356.x
  27. Wang, Q., L. Zhang, J. Zhang, A. Shen, W. Ran, and A. Huang. 2012. Effects of compost on the chemical composition of SOM in density and aggregate fractions from rice-wheat cropping systems as shown by solid-stat 13C-NMR spectroscopy. J. Plant Nutr. Soil Sci. 175:920-930.10.1002/jpln.201100350
  28. Yang, J., W. Gao, and S. Ren. 2015. Long-term effects of combined application of chemical nitrogen with organic materials on crop yields, soil organic carbon and total nitrogen in fluvo-aquic soil. Soil Tillage Res. 151:67-74.10.1016/j.still.2015.03.008
  29. Yin, Y.F., Z.C. Cai, and J.L. Lu. 2005. Relationship between light and heavy fractions of organic matter for several agricultural soils in China. J. Environ. Sci. 17:917-920.
  30. Zhang, M. and Z. He. 2004. Long-term changes in organic carbon and nutrients of an Ultisol under rice cropping in southeast China. Geoderma. 118:167-179.10.1016/S0016-7061(03)00191-5
  31. Zhang, W., M. Xu, X. Wang, Q. Huang, J. Nie, Z. Li, S. Li, S.W. Hwang, and K.B. Lee. 2012. Effects of organic amendments on soil carbon sequestration in paddy fields of subtropical China. J. Soils Sediments. 12:457-470.10.1007/s11368-011-0467-8
  32. Zimmermann, M., J. Leifeld, and J. Fuhrer. 2007. Quantifying soil organic carbon fractions by infrared-spectroscopy. Soil Biol. Biochem. 39:224-231.10.1016/j.soilbio.2006.07.010
  • Publisher :Korean Society of Soil Science and Fertilizer
  • Publisher(Ko) :한국토양비료학회
  • Journal Title :Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
  • Journal Title(Ko) :한국토양비료학회 학회지
  • Volume : 51
  • No :4
  • Pages :616-625
  • Received Date :2018. 11. 05
  • Accepted Date : 2018. 12. 03