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2018 Vol.51, Issue 4 Preview Page
November 2018. pp. 547-554
Abstract

This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of application levels of inorganic fertilizer (IF) with corn waste biochar (BC) for corn cultivation in an upland field (34° 94ʹ 24ʺ N, 127° 56ʹ 55ʺ E). The IF (N-P-K 14.5-3.0-6.0 kg 10a-1) was applied at levels of 25%, 50%, 75%, and 100% of standard amount with BC (BC+IF25, BC+IF50, BC+IF75, and BC+IF100, respectively), and Cn (control), BC and IF treatments were added in this study. The BC was application of 500 kg 10a-1 at 20 days before corn sowing. The mean biomass productivity of corn plants, when grown under Cn, BC, IF, BC+IF25, BC+IF50, BC+75, and BC+IF100 treatment conditions, were 1.82, 2.21, 2.74, 2.40, 3.12, 3.73, and 4.05 kg m-2, respectively. The corn length was 14.6-18.3 cm ear-1 in all treatments, and the total weight of corn increased in the order BC+IF100 ≒ BC+IF75 > BC+IF50 > IF > BC ≒ BC+IF25 > Cn treatments. The corn productivity was highest (3.97 kg m-2) in the BC+IF100 treatment. The corn grain yields in BC+IF50, BC+IF75, and BC+IF100 treatments increased by 145, 129, and 103% respectively, over that in the IF treatment. Based on our results, the minimum IF application level using biochar for corn cultivation was N of 7.25 kg 10a-1, P of 1.5 kg 10a-1, and K of 3.0 kg 10a-1, respectively. Therefore, proper application of inorganic fertilizer with biochar is effective at improving corn cultivation and can benefit the soil environment.

Comparison of biomass productivity and yields under different application levels of inorganic fertilizer with biochar.

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Information
  • Publisher :Korean Society of Soil Science and Fertilizer
  • Publisher(Ko) :한국토양비료학회
  • Journal Title :Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
  • Journal Title(Ko) :한국토양비료학회 학회지
  • Volume : 51
  • No :4
  • Pages :547-554
  • Received Date :2018. 10. 04
  • Accepted Date : 2018. 11. 30